In the UK the term Improvement Science is now often used.
"Investigators explore ways of applying recommendations or guidelines in general practice. T3 research yields knowledge about how interventions work in real-world settings" - Harvard Catalyst website
With so many names globally and locally it can be tricky to describe what implementation science is and how it fits into the bigger picture of health care delivery and research. If you work within a Translational Cancer Research Centre you may have heard of the Translational Research pathway from T1 to T3, with T3 relating to Implementation science. This is the Westfall model as below.
Case Study Example
See how one clinician uses T3 research to impact the lives of patients at risk of developing diabetes. The case study video and image below which provides examples of work considered T3/Implementation science is taken from Harvard Catalyst website here http://catalyst.harvard.edu/pathfinder/t3diabetes.html
References: 1. Westfall JM , Mold J , Fagnan L . Practice-based research— “Blue Highways” on the NIH roadmap . JAMA. 2007; 297( 4 ): 403–406. 2. Balas EA , Boren SA . Managing Clinical Knowledge for Healthcare Improvement. Yearbook of Medical Informatics. Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer Verlagsgesellschaft mbH; 2000. 3. Trochim W, Kane C, Graham MJ, Pincus HA. Evaluating translational research: a process marker model. Clin Transl Sci. 2011; 4 (3): 153-62. 4. Contopoulos-Ioannidis DG , Alexiou GA , Gouvias TC , Ioannidis JP . Life cycle of translational research for medical interventions. Science. 2008; 321: 1298–1299.